Often, poorly thought-out Internet access results in malware sneaking onto your computer. If certain guidelines are taken into account, the chances of the system becoming infected can be greatly reduced: Install programs and files that come from trusted sources.
- Software and updates must always be downloaded from the original provider’s website and, in the case of freeware or shareware; the download must be made from serious and well-known portals.
- As far as the installation of programs is concerned, make sure that you don’t see any that you don’t want. Do not open any files or links from emails whose senders you do not know or that contain messages with questionable issues.
- Pay attention to the ads, banners or pop-ups you click on and avoid, above all, links that contain promotions, vouchers or any other type of dubious offer. Handle sensitive data such as bank account information, registration details and passwords cautiously. Save the most important data as external backups in case your computer becomes infected with malware and, to eliminate it, you need to format it.
How can malicious software be removed?
If you think your computer is infected, you should take the necessary measures as quickly as possible. Generally speaking, there is no established way to proceed to remove malicious software. An Internet search will provide you with information on the symptoms caused by the malware infection, as well as on the procedure to eliminate it. This search should not be carried out from the damaged computer, but it is best to disconnect it from the network and turn it off before the malware causes further damage.
Remove malware from computers using antivirus programs
If you suspect that malware has taken over your computer, follow these steps:
- Start the computer in safe mode (malicious programs will not load on it). If you have Windows as your operating system, press the F8 key and wait until you can log in. In the menu, choose the option “Safe mode with network functions”, since you need to have Internet access to carry out the rest of the actions.
- The next step is to scan the computer with the antivirus program. You need to check if you have the latest version. If not, please update it, even though it can only recognize and defeat known malicious programs, which is why an antivirus never offers global security. Some viruses even have the ability to hide from antivirus programs.
In addition to the antivirus used, it is recommended to scan the computer again with more special antimalware software. In this regard, there are a variety of free and trial versions of paid software that specialize in removing existing malware. These include, for example, Malwarebytes Anti-Malware or SUPER Anti Spyware Free Edition. A reliable tool to detect malware is the Microsoft Safety Scanner, which can be downloaded in case of suspicion. With ESET and Bit defender Quick Scan, you can have access to online tools that allow you to fight malware. In the case of adware programs or toolbars on Windows computers, tools such as AdwCleaner can be of great help.